2024年5月26日
  • 埼玉県さいたま市の地域メディア会社です

Indian Ocean Tuna Commission Agreement

The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) is an intergovernmental organization that was established in 1993 with the aim of managing and conserving the tuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean. The IOTC is responsible for regulating the fishing activities of its member countries, which include major fishing nations such as Japan, South Korea, and the European Union.

In November 2019, the IOTC held its 23rd annual meeting in Hyderabad, India, where the members agreed on several important measures to improve the sustainability of tuna fisheries in the region. These measures include:

1. Limits on fishing capacity: The members agreed to limit the number of fishing vessels in the Indian Ocean to a level that is sustainable for the tuna populations. This will help prevent overfishing and ensure that the stocks remain healthy.

2. Improved monitoring and reporting: The members agreed to improve the monitoring and reporting of fishing activities in the region. This will help detect illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing, which is a major threat to the sustainability of tuna fisheries.

3. Enhanced protection of vulnerable species: The members agreed to provide greater protection to vulnerable species such as sharks, rays, and turtles, which are often caught as bycatch in tuna fisheries. This will help reduce the impact of fishing on these important species.

4. Better data collection: The members agreed to improve the collection and sharing of data on tuna populations, fishing activities, and other relevant information. This will help improve the understanding of the status of the tuna fisheries in the region and inform future decision-making.

The IOTC agreement is a significant step towards ensuring the long-term sustainability of tuna fisheries in the Indian Ocean. By working together to regulate fishing activities, monitor IUU fishing, protect vulnerable species, and improve data collection, the members of the IOTC are demonstrating their commitment to preserving the health of the ocean and the livelihoods of the communities that depend on it.

As consumers, we can also play a role in promoting sustainable tuna fisheries. By choosing to buy tuna that is certified by organizations such as the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC), we can support fisheries that are managed responsibly and sustainably. By making informed choices, we can help ensure that the benefits of the ocean are preserved for future generations.